Most people think that infertility medications available are only used to treat female infertility. But this is not the case. You can also find a range of male infertility medications used. These range from male infertility injections to hormone therapy, which helps to improve sperm count, morphology, and sperm motility. However, it is necessary to use these medications according to the doctor’s recommendations; otherwise, they may cause adverse side effects.
Infertile men have a smart option of getting treatment for their infertility problems through reproductive medicine offered by infertility pharmacies. These pharmacies develop custom medications according to the cause of infertility after semen analysis and other relevant investigations. The medicines help improve the levels of male hormones, sperm count, and sperm function while improving testosterone production.
Understand Male Sperm Production
Sperms production takes place in testicles. These are then stored inside epididymis present on each testicle. Semen nourishes sperms which glands make. When males reach their climax during intercourse, the penis ejaculates nearly one hundred and fifty million sperms in only half a teaspoon of semen. This entire process of sperm production requires proper levels of male hormones and other hormones for optimal fertility.
- Undescended testicle
- intake of drugs, such as anabolic steroids
- infection in testicles
- hormonal problems
- low testosterone levels
- retrograde ejaculation
- idiopathic infertility (low sperm count without any apparent reason)
The Most Common Male Fertility Medications
There are several treatment options available to treat the causes of male infertility. Here are some common male fertility medicines that can improve sperm concentration and the number of sperm within the male reproductive system while enabling the production of healthy sperm.
Medications for Improving Male Fertility
Medications can help to improve sperm count among men having infertility issues. After thorough semen analyses, your physician may recommend estrogen receptor blocker medicine like Clomiphene Citrate. This drug stimulates the pituitary gland and hypothalamus within the brain, resulting in the production of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which boosts sperm production. Men can take this medication orally as per the prescription of the doctor.
Physicians may prescribe human chorionic gonadotropin for men having low testosterone generation. This drug helps to balance LH and FSH levels, improving the production of sperm. Your doctor may conduct blood tests regularly to monitor levels of testosterone and adjust the drug dose accordingly. It is not recommended to take synthetic testosterone drugs as they lower sperm count.
Assisted Reproductive Techniques for Male Fertility
Assisted reproductive techniques, also known as artificial insemination, are generally recommended for those men who have low sperm concentration, which means low sperm motility or less number of sperm. Doctors may use this technique when you have a normal sperm count, and they cannot determine the infertility source even after sperm analysis and tests.
In surgical techniques of sperm retrieval, the doctor may perform an in-office procedure to extract healthy sperm. The embryologist then injects those sperms into a woman’s egg through a procedure known as intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
Other techniques include:
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
- In-vitro fertilization (IVF)
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
Different medications and treatments have varying side effects depending on the type of therapy you opt for. You can consult your doctor to know about the side effects before taking the infertility treatment.
Compounding Medications for treating Male Infertility
Fertilization requires healthy sperm for conception. A compounding pharmacy can help you with your specific infertility condition by providing expert prescription formulations to treat male infertility. We invite you to ask our pharmacist what custom medications can be compounded, depending on your semen and sperm analysis, which address your unique condition resulting in better results than one size fits all commercial medications.